On 25 May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the European Union entered into force, accompanied by some uncertainties regarding its application. For example, some legal commentators believe there are “irreconcilable” differences between blockchain technologies and some of GDPR’s core principles, raising doubts as to whether the technology can achieve widespread adoption under the new data protection regime. Continue Reading GDPR Implications for Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies
The European Union (“EU”) General Data Protection Regulation 2016 (“GDPR”) entered into effect on 25 May 2018. A brief summary of the GDPR can be found in our Legal Update.
Organisations in Hong Kong may need to comply with the GDPR if it (1) has an establishment in the EU, where personal data is processed in the context of the activities of the establishment, regardless Continue Reading Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data Issues Booklet on how Hong Kong Businesses Should Prepare for GDPR
The 13th People’s National Congress (“NPC”) recently approved the State Council’s proposal to restructure China’s State Intellectual Property Office (“SIPO”). The proposal intends to consolidate the administration of trademarks and patents and to streamline the enforcement of IPR in China. Continue Reading China Unveils Plan to Restructure State Intellectual Property Office
The UK ratified the Unified Patent Court Agreement (“UPCA”) on 26 April 2018. The UPCA will introduce the Unified Patent Court which will establish a single scheme for patent litigation across contracting Member States.
In April 2018, Amazon Technologies, Inc., a subsidiary of e-commerce giant Amazon, was granted a patent relating to a “technology for a streaming data marketplace” by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The technology underlying the patent is described as gathering (online) data streams from various sources and enhancing those streams “by correlating the raw data with additional data.” The patent description lists a number of potential use cases for the streaming data feeds that participants in the market place are offering subscriptions to. One notable use case relates to “bitcoin transactions,” with the ultimate goal of identifying users of the virtual currency by their Bitcoin addresses. Continue Reading The Bitcoin Implications of Amazon’s New Streaming Data Patent
On 1 May 2018, the “Information Security Technology – Personal Information Security Specification” (PI-Specification) by China’s National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee (NISSTC) will come into effect. The PI-Specification, inter alia, provides guidance on the collection, storage, use, transfer and disclosure of personal information. While the PI Specification is voluntary and not legally binding, it is likely that Chinese regulators will take into account breaches of the PI Specification when enforcing cybersecurity obligations.
The requirements for the collection, use, and storage of personal information are briefly outlined below. Continue Reading China Issues New Standards on Personal Information Security
In preparation of Brexit, the European Commission published its Draft Withdrawal Agreement on 28 February 2018, which sets out the arrangements for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) and Northern Ireland from the European Union (EU). Title IV of the Withdrawal Agreement is in Articles 50 to 57 suggesting a framework for continued protection of intellectual property in the United Kingdom after Brexit. Continue Reading BREXIT – Commission consistent with IP industry demands
Christian Wulff, a former German Federal President who resigned in February 2012, caught the attention of the public in May 2015 with his announcement that he was back together with his ex-wife Bettina Wulff. Following this, the press published a photograph of him pushing a cart at the parking lot of a supermarket next to his wife, Bettina Wulff. Mr. Wulff felt hurt in his right to privacy. He filed a lawsuit aiming to prohibit the publication of this private photo. In first and second instance Mr. Wulff was successful; the German Federal Court now overruled the previous decisions and decided that Mr. Wulff’s right to privacy were not infringed by the publication of the photo. Continue Reading The Right to Privacy of a Former Federal President
Back in 2015 Constantin Film AG, the production company of the German movie „Fack ju Göhte“, filed an European Union trademark application (“EUTM”) for its movie title „Fack ju Göhte“ with the European Union Intellectual Property Office (“EUIPO”). The EUTM application was refused by the EUIPO based on an alleged infringement of public policy and common decency. On top of that, EUIPO was of the opinion that the title of the movie is an offensive insult that would damage the German highly respected writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe posthumously. Constantin Film’s appeal against this decision was also not successful, so that they now brought that case before the General Court of the European Union. Continue Reading The General Court of the European Union Rules on the Immorality of the Movie Title „Fack ju Göhte“
On 1 March 2018, new arbitration rules of the German Institution of Arbitration (“Deutsche Institution für Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit“, “DIS”) will come into force. The revised DIS Rules are designed to suit the needs of both domestic and international parties. They also aim to enhance the efficiency of arbitration, providing proceedings that are non-bureaucratic, flexible and open to party autonomy.
IP arbitration is a growing trend. Parties to a licensing agreement, to a technology transfer agreement or even competitors fighting over the amount of FRAND royalties for a Standard Essential Patent may wish to refer their dispute to arbitration to keep the dispute confidential and to have IP experts solve the matter as arbitrators. The DIS arbitration rules are not specific to any sector or type of dispute and are also suitable for IP disputes.
View the key amendments to the DIS arbitration rules in the following article by our Arbitration experts Dr. Mark C. Hilgard, Dr. Jan Kraayvanger, Armineh Gharibian, Dr. Nadine Pieper und Ana Bruder: